Wetland resource in bangladesh

So, the same can be found from many researches in Bangladesh as well.

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Rana Abbas Hakaluki Haor. Khan, S. These poorly planed roads and drainage structures created water logging and had serious impact on the water regimes in the flood plains.

Wetlands of khulna bangladesh

Wetlands management needs to be incorporated into a system of integrated land and water use and indeed, into the socioeconomic system of the country. For a vast tract of areas especially in the north-east, south and south-central part of Bangladesh both perennial and seasonal floodplains are they key means of transport and communication for the rural people. Protection of marine environment and related ecosystem of St. Hire Writer While the haor itself is a seasonal water body formed during the monsoon, the beels are low-lying depressions of the haor system retaining water even during the dry months of the season. Finally it could be said that wetland conservation efforts must be bundled with development scheme which will not only conserve wetlands but also will not undermine the alternative avenues of livelihood for people dependent on wetland in one way or another. A different classification is show to give idea about the wetland in Bangladesh which is rather indicative than exact as primarily because size of each wetland varies depending on season; Monsoon, for example when area under wetland increase by contrast during wet season it shrink. All the rivers flowing through Bangladesh originate outside the country and these carry heavy loads of silt, sediments and other debris, including domestic, agrochemical and industrial wastes, from far-away places. There are strong evidences of huge economic values of wetlands which can be found from many researches of different countries. These resources include clams, oysters, scallops, snails, slugs, chiton, squids, octopuses and some others. The wetlands also support the livelihood of millions of people engaged in such diverse activities as fishing to collecting honey, thatching materials and fuel wood.

Similarly in the wetlands of Bangladesh more than species of freshwater fishes are available. Rising sea levels, extreme weather conditions, increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases must be taken in measure in order to achieve the goal.

More than two thirds of the country may be classified as wetlands by the definition enunciated in the Ramsar Convention IUCN, There is substantial basis for the view that the country's natural resources, especially the Sundarbans, could support development of richer tourism.

Land and water managers must pay attention to issues related to wetlands ecosystems. Maintaining livelihood system Wetlands are one of the most productive and resourceful areas, which provide food, non-food aquatic resources and retain the ecological balance for the local residents as well as for the nation.

Fishing is the second largest livelihood activities in the country.

Lacustrine wetlands

For example, massive physical infrastructures in the form of rural road and flood embankment have been developed in the wetlands including floodplains and haor areas. Cultivation of rice is a major livelihood activity in and around the wetlands of Ganges- Brahmaputra floodplain and haor basin. But wetlands play a key role in the country's lifecycle and are highly productive and diverse ecosystems with their irreplaceable role in a sustainable landscape. There is substantial basis for the view that the country's natural resources, especially the Sundarbans, could support development of richer tourism. A Directory of Asian Wetlands. Khan, Salar M. Dhaka: Ace Data Products. Chowdhury and Sanaullah described 19 species of shrimps and prawns found in the marine waters of Bangladesh. According to Bangladesh Delta Plan , rivers are the major types of wetlands among all types of wetlands in Bangladesh and the other types of wetlands are, estuarine and mangrove swamps, shallow lakes and marshes, large water storage reservoirs, small tanks and fish ponds, shrimp ponds, seasonally-flooded flood plains. According to United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs UNDESA , countries have to adopt those policies that create a favourable environment for such changes, social infrastructure and market, physical infrastructure and market and a significant transformation of global value chains and business practices.

From the foregoing discussion it is evident that have a wide range of ecological, socio-cultural, economic and commercial importance and values in Bangladesh. About 6. An estimate shows that about 10 million people are engaged as part-time fishermen to supplement their income or to live on fishing in some part of the year.

wetland of bangladesh
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Wetland Resources and Their Economic Values