Increasingly dependent on the North for manufactured goods, for commercial services, and for loans, and increasingly cut off from the flourishing agricultural regions of the Northwest, they faced the prospects of a growing free labor and abolitionist movement in the North.
Whether this was true or not, is not relevant as it was felt to be true by many South Carolinians. We identify ourselves as Democrats and Republicans. Fourth, the intense need to preserve the sanctity of property rights in Africans led southern political leaders to demand the nationalization of slavery— the condition under which slaveholders would always be protected in their property holdings.
But conflict continued in the arena of historical interpretation and public memory. In the s and 50s, the issue of accepting slavery in the guise of rejecting slave-owning bishops and missionaries split the nation's largest religious denominations the Methodist, Baptist, and Presbyterian churches into separate Northern and Southern denominations.
It was also fading in the border states and in Southern cities, but it was expanding in the highly profitable cotton districts of the rural South and Southwest. The peculiar institution hovers over the conflict specter-like. It remains the deadliest war in American history.
The Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on " King Cotton " that they would intervene,  but none did, and none recognized the new Confederate States of America. With these doors of opportunity open, the United States experienced rapid economic growth. This caused not just harsh language, but spasms of violence that racked the nation.
The first memorial days were group events organized in in both the South and North, by black and white, just a month after the war ended. The army in numbered 14, men, the federal budget was minuscule, and nearly all functions of government were handled at the state and local level. More specifically, the North was rapidly modernizing in a manner threatening to the South.