Research papers and paraphrase

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Research papers and paraphrase

But scientific experiments cannot prove anything; they can only support a hypothesis or disprove alternatives. And if quotation marks did appear around all these phrases, this paragraph would be so cluttered that it would be unreadable. This includes writing the main ideas and highlighting the keywords in your work. Just as the educational experts described above do not directly teach students, the experts in this unit do not directly attend to patients. Even if the student-writer had acknowledged Chase as the source of the content, the language of the passage would be considered plagiarized because no quotation marks indicate the phrases that come directly from Chase. Penalties are severe. Additional information Information on summarizing and paraphrasing sources American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language 4th ed. Used synonyms. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, , It is important to paraphrase your work so that it does not appear plagiarized. Most of your paper should be in your own words. Write notes as you continue reading the quote. Check out this post to avoid journal rejection! Writers often paraphrase to deliver information in a more concise way. They provide important information that readers might need to know and it thus makes more sense to use quotes here.

The signal can also come after the assertion, again with a connecting word or phrase: Illness was rarely a routine matter in the nineteenth century [assertion]. One of his closest associates turns witness for the FBI, his mother colludes with his uncle to contract a hit on Tony, and his kids click through Web sites that track the federal crackdown in Tony's gangland.

This person oversees the hour-by-hour functioning of the unit as a whole, such as considering expected admissions and discharges of patients, ascertaining that beds are available for patients in the operating room, and covering sick calls.

The social context of critical care clinical judgment. If you don't think you can paraphrase a sentence or passage and have the meaning come across as clearly, you can use the original author's exact words if you put them in quotation marks.

Importance of proper paraphrasing Proper paraphrasing of statements helps to avoid plagiarism.

how to paraphrase a paragraph

On a separate sheet, without looking at the material, write down what you think is the major idea of the original source. The nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist are the designated experts.

You do not need to cite a source for material considered common knowledge: General common knowledge is factual information considered to be in the public domain, such as birth and death dates of well-known figures, and generally accepted dates of military, political, literary, and other historical events.

Martin Luther King, Jr.

How to paraphrase quickly

Original: Any trip to Italy should include a visit to Tuscany to sample the region's exquisite wines. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Creating paraphrased material can stem from multiple techniques. Quotation of More than 3 Lines of Poetry More than 3 lines of poetry should be indented. The clinical nurse specialist in this unit is mostly involved with formal teaching in orienting new staff. This familial betrayal is multi-pronged. What did the writer do? Example 2 Original Acceptable Paraphrase Current political and economic incentives favor industry and other interest groups at the expense of health: consider the subsidies paid for corn-based agriculture and mass-produced processed foods, the tobacco revenue generated in countries with a government-owned tobacco industry, industrial growth in the face of environmental pollution, and the spread of the sedentary automobile-and-television culture. Avoid using blocks of quoted text, especially in papers on the natural sciences.

You often have to summarize the information for space; other times, professors request that all cited material is paraphrased. The method below is not only a way to create a paraphrase but also a way to understand a difficult text. Source: Siegel, B.

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Examples of Paraphrasing