Mary leapor an essay on woman full text

Leapor displays and subverts male norm s of female beauty and use in terms of wealth or work. The total potential of her life fulfilled, there is nothing left for woman to do but to decline.

The date of death given on the headstone is believed to be incorrect, as the Bishop's Transcript is the definitive record of the date of her burial.

An essay on woman mary leapor pdf

Also a model was Jonathan Swift , particularly his anti- blason poetry the de-emphasis on the female physical body in relation to nature. Her pervasive irony marks not only the presentation of men but also of women and of herself. The invented inadequacy of her critics allows Mira to discuss her own poetry. The note once more contradicts reference to reality and indicates that Mary Leapor is neither a nymph nor a hag but that she is beyond male inscriptions of her body as a blank sheet of paper. Posted by. Phillario, the subject of the satirical perspective, becomes its object. Part of the proceeds from the publication of Volume One of "Poems Upon Several Occasions" was used to pay for a headstone, but this has now been lost. Jocelyn Harris finds a general tendency in eighteenth century women poets to display modesty in spite of their accomplishment. The connection between the m ale discourse of the female body and of the body of her texts needs closer attention.

Much of her work is modelled on that of Alexander Popewhose work she admired. Not all employers were so accommodating and Leapor's devotion to writing led to her dismissal from a subsequent position with Sir Richard Chauncy's family, as she apparently would not stop writing even in the kitchen.

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She does not claim that her poems are perfect but that her standards of judgement are superior to those of her critics. Her father recollected, "She would often be scribbling, and sometimes in Rhyme," but that her mother ended up discouraging the writing, requesting she find some "more profitable employment".

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Both M ary Leapor and her female patron express their double-voiced judgement of her works as imperfect but valuable art. Mell, ed.

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But even if she adopts neoclassic aesthetics from Swift and Pope, she rejects male critics, who seem to judge her manuscript poems rather as literal bodies of texts than poetical and logical works of art. Leapor herself would not seem to have embraced her status as a "natural" poet, "untainted" by artifice; she worked hard to acquire a literary education as best she could and embraced the neoclassical ideals of her period. Mell, ed. Leapor died of measles at Brackley on 12 November at the age of Posted by. Fortunately for us, she did not let this stop her from writing poetry, and when she later returned home to keep house for her widowed father the efforts of her new friend Bridget Fremantle meant that the publication of her poetry became a real possibility. Leapor lived in a culture where women were expected to value themselves by their beauty. In the eyes of her peers and her employers, her useless writing interferes with her physical duties as a servant, and in her own view, her creative work is en- croached upon by the menial tasks she has to carry out. The deficient natural voice has to be tuned by a master, so that in poetry, as in the life of women, art creates beauty. As female nature is enhanced by art in order to become erotic beauty in the eyes of man, the natural voice needs to be refined in order to create aesthetic beauty according to the norms of men. This is reflected in the representation of her views on beauty, the female body, marriage, family and female friendship in her work. Obliged to work as a kitchen maid during her teenage years, Leapor was keenly aware of the restrictions she faced because of both her gender and her class. Work[ edit ] Like many writers of the period, Leapor used a pastoral -sounding pen name, "Mira".

The critic under- mines his own authority with his grotesque recommendation of a medical remedy for her personal defects.

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The Age of Oddities: Reading the Eighteenth Century: 'An Essay on Woman'