Imperialism in africa and asia essay
The Scramble for Africa in the s to was motivated by these ideas.
Imperialism in africa and asia essay
This led to population growth and economic development. Losing their countries and independence, Africa was being transformed by the Europeans. By the late 19th century, Western soldiers were armed with repeating rifles. They have the duty to civilize the inferior races [non Europeans] Different colonial governments adopted different methods of rule. Many countries in the world experienced imperialism when they were taken over and ruled by a more powerful country. Towards the end of the 19th Century and during the early 20th Century most African countries were under colonial rule except for Liberia and Ethiopia. Economic interests ie, global expansion of domestic markets , maintaining the safety of trade routes, keeping colonies free from foreign influence and threats, national prestige in maintaining colonies, and finally, living up to a moral duty and the missionary and evangelical movements were all motivations given by European governments to justify its interference into Africa and Asia. They also claimed exclusive trading rights with their colonies. They argued that Europe's high import tariffs government fees allowing foreign traders to bring in goods for sale made it difficult to access customers and markets there. Though trade and prestige were greatly increased, eventually, competition developed for the more lucrative portions of the colonized East. IN India rapid modernization took place, roads, rails, buildings and also major irrigation projects were developed.
Western culture can be seen in all parts of the world; from Asia to Africa, to the Indies and the Americans. Britain charged other European countries taxes for trading in their colonies as part of its economic competition.
Despite the legitimate motivations such as expanding trade and self-serving justifications such as Christian missions used by the Europeans at the time, the impact of imperialism is still felt by peoples indigenous to these lands today.
Soon, Europe took control of Africa, taking raw materials and destroyed African culture Britain for example gained from this imperialism by modernizing her economy. Traditional European schools were built, along with churches, and other infrastructures the Africans had never been exposed to.
Unification allowed for empire building because people were gathered under a monarchy that claimed the right to rule them. The impact on the African and Asian nations was far more negative than positive.
Imperial expansion of Europe into the African interior saw many African farmers forced off their land and turned into farm labourers on white-owned plantations, where they were usually subject to cruel exploitative practices.
What were the causes of european imperialism in africa essay
The production of African palm oil used as industrial oil was in high demand for European industries. The countries of France, Britain, and Germany had especially large claims to the African continent during this time. Colonial governments organised agricultural production in the colonies to match the demand for raw materials in Europe. Steam-driven iron boats were also basic to the European penetration of China. They had no choice but to look for other markets outside Europe. This led to population growth and economic development. In addition, Africans lost the right to work for themselves and were forced by the Europeans to labor in mines or collect rubber and other plants from the wild. A new education system was established that was efficient and developing more than the indigenous forms of education in these continents. Insatiable desires for economic markets, power and political struggles, the motivating belief in Social Darwinism, and the European idea of superiority were the driving forces at the European home front in the late nineteenth century
Different colonial governments adopted different methods of rule. For the next 50 years decisions affecting Africa and its people were made not in Africa, but in London, Paris, Lisbon and other European capitals.
This meant that a weaker country with abundant natural resources would be colonised.
Effects of imperialism in asia and africa
European imperialism in Africa and Asia developed as a result of certain motivations which seemed to fit the prevailing world view following the Napoleonic wars. The main motive for imperialism was to obtain and control a supply of raw materials for industries. Imperialism in Africa had many negative and positive effects on the conquered country. Imperialism is the dominance of one country over another politically, economically or socially. The Europeans also needed raw product for their industries and labor in the industries they had from the countries they colonized David, They each aimed to beat the other through vying for greater control of Africa and thus her natural resources and labour supply. Towards the end of the 19th century colonial governments began to play a more active role in the affairs of African societies.
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