An analysis of the criticism of kohlbergs moral development

An analysis of the criticism of kohlbergs moral development

Based on the Kohlberg Moral Development theory, we can assume that Theresa falls under the post conventional level of development, which means her age ranges from 13 years and up Dacey, , p The essays in our library are intended to serve as content examples to inspire you as you write your own essay. Carol Gilligan has argued that Kohlberg's theory is excessively androcentric. Critics have pointed out that Kohlberg's theory of moral development overemphasizes the concept of justice when making moral choices. Do parental or societal influences play a greater role in moral development? To protect the anonymity of contributors, we've removed their names and personal information from the essays. This could be resolved either by allowing for moral regression or by extending the theory. Most helpful essay resource ever! Adherence to rules and conventions is somewhat rigid, however, and a rule's appropriateness or fairness is seldom questioned. At this level an individual obeys rules and follows society's norms even when there are no consequences for obedience or disobedience. The child is motivated by self-interest to do chores. This is just one of the many of the criticisms of Kohlberg's theory. For Kohlberg, the most adequate result of both operations is "reversibility", in which a moral or dutiful act within a particular situation is evaluated in terms of whether or not the act would be satisfactory even if particular persons were to switch roles within that situation also known colloquially as "moral musical chairs ".

In this essay, following a brief outline of the theory, I will be discussing the strengths and weaknesses of Kohlberg's theory of moral development. Kohlberg's theory understands values as a critical component of the right. The child is motivated by self-interest to do chores. Rules are not absolute dictates that must be obeyed without question.

Why is moral development important

Sign up to get these answers, and more, delivered straight to your inbox. Reasoners at this level judge the morality of an action by its direct consequences. After borrowing money from family and friends, he could only raise half the money i. Reciprocity is possible at this point in moral development, but only if it serves one's own interests. He proposed that children form ways of thinking through their experiences which include understandings of moral concepts such as justice, rights, equality and human welfare. In this way action is never a means but always an end in itself; the individual acts because it is right, and not because it avoids punishment, is in their best interest, expected, legal, or previously agreed upon. As a result, concern for others is not based on loyalty or intrinsic respect, but rather a "You scratch my back, and I'll scratch yours" mentality. The final segment will be of the nature nurture aspect. It is a behaviour that one has been accustomed to due to the laws and customs in a particular society. Conventional morality is characterized by an acceptance of society's conventions concerning right and wrong. There's a problem with this paper.

Skinners behaviourist approach is based on how the child is conditioned whilst being brought up. Most of his subjects were children under the age of 16 who obviously had no experience with marriage.

what is moral development

Rules of law are important for maintaining a society, but members of the society should agree upon these standards. Kohlberg's theory represented an important contribution to the psychological study of moral reasoning and its effect on behavior, but it contains a number of flaws and problematic assumptions.

Another example would be a college dropout who ends up struggling in the real world, unhappy with his life and decides to go back to school to pursue a career.

Post-conventional moralists live by their own ethical principles—principles that typically include such basic human rights as life, liberty, and justice.

Importance of kohlbergs theory of moral development

Kohlberg's theory represented an important contribution to the psychological study of moral reasoning and its effect on behavior, but it contains a number of flaws and problematic assumptions. What are your concerns? The intentions of actors play a more significant role in reasoning at this stage; one may feel more forgiving if one thinks that "they mean well". At this stage, Kohlberg says, children see rules as fixed and absolute. The child asks, "what's in it for me? In Stage six universal ethical principles driven , moral reasoning is based on abstract reasoning using universal ethical principles. This allows our team to focus on improving the library and adding new essays. Most of his subjects were children under the age of 16 who obviously had no experience with marriage. Critics have pointed out that Kohlberg's theory of moral development overemphasizes the concept of justice when making moral choices. Have you ever wondered what your personality type means? Criticisms Kohlberg's theory is concerned with moral thinking, but there is a big difference between knowing what we ought to do versus our actual actions. He determined that the process of attaining moral maturity took longer and was more gradual than other studies have shown

The pre-conventional level consists of the first and second stages of moral development and is solely concerned with the self in an egocentric manner.

This allows our team to focus on improving the library and adding new essays. Preconventional Morality The earliest stage of moral development, obedience, and punishment are especially common in young children, but adults are also capable of expressing this type of reasoning.

People who exhibit post-conventional morality view rules as useful but changeable mechanisms—ideally rules can maintain the general social order and protect human rights.

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The Criticisms of Kohlberg's Moral Development Stages Essay